University of Nebraska-Lincoln
The initiative began as part of President Lyndon B. Johnson's War on Poverty.
The Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 established an experimental program known as Upward Bound. Then, in 1965, the Higher Education Act created Talent Search. Finally, another program, Special Services for Disadvantaged Students, which later became Student Support Services, was launched in 1968. Together, this "trio" of federally-funded programs encouraged access to higher education for low-income students.
By 1998, the Federal TRIO programs had become a vital pipeline to opportunity, serving traditional students, displaced workers, and veterans. The original three programs had grown to eight, adding Educational Opportunity Centers in 1972, Training Program for Federal TRIO programs in 1976, the Ronald E. McNair Post-baccalaureate Achievement Program in 1986, Upward Bound Math-Science in 1990, and the TRIO Dissemination Partnership in 1998.